How to remove empty lines in Visual Studio Code

For some reason every now and then I get every other line empty when opening a file with code in Visual Studio Code. Annoying. It looks like this (made up example):

How to remove empty lines in Visual Studio Code

Here is how to get rid of these empty lines:

  1. From Edit Menu, select Replace or press command + Option + F on Mac or Ctrl + H on Windows
  2. In the find box type \n\n
  3. In the replace box type \n
  4. Select the ‘Use Regular Expression’ button (top red arrow)
  5. Click on the ‘Replace All’ button (bottom red arrow)

Here is a photo of the search/replace box:
search replace empty lines  code

If you are not sure then you can replace it one by one but that is not really necessary. If you see something is wrong then just press CTRL-Z on Windows and VS Code will revert back to code before replacement.

and this is how it should look like after you remove all empty lines:
vs code empty lines removed

Much nicer and as it should.

Download latest Laragon & Install Laravel 9

I like to use Laragon sometimes for my Laravel development. I had Laragon 5 installed and wanted to create new Laravel 9 project. When I selected Quick App-> Laravel it installed Laravel 8! I looked at Laragon website but the latest one there is Laragon 5 with PHP 7. Laravel 9 requires PHP 8.

Good news is that Laragon has already updated to Laragon 6 with PHP 8 but for some reason there is no downlaod link on their downlaod page (at the time of writing this post).

So what you need to do is go to Laragon github page and download latest laragon-wamp.exe from there. Then you do a backup of your current laragon folder on your PC and then just install the latest Laragon – it will keep all your files and settings, just upgrade to latest Laragon with PHP 8.

After you are done right click the Laragon icon, quick app and Laravel and it will install Laravel 9 (and probably next versions as long as they require PHP 8)

Either “name” or “item.name” should be specified (in “itemListElement”) error

There are few different reasons to get this error but here is my case: It involved WordPress and Yoast SEO plugin. I suddenly received this error from google search console, it said:

“New Breadcrumbs structured data issues detected”

Top critical issues*
Either “name” or “item.name” should be specified (in “itemListElement”)

*Critical issues prevent your page or feature from appearing in Search results.

Now that sounds serious, right? Not have your site or page appear in Search results? Ouch!

One of the solutions for this is to go to WordPress settings -> Reading and then select a page for your homepage. This is where Yoast SEO will read the missing data.

But in my case I could not do this because there is no homepage, I use “Your latest posts” as a default “homepage”. So somehow this confused Yoaast SEO plugin (can also be other plugins). Luckily there was an easy fix within Yoast.

In WP admin select Yoast SEO -> Search Appearance then breadcrumbs tab and then find the Anchor text for the Homepage field. Fill it with anything you want, I used “Home”.

Save it and if needed wipe the site cache and the problem should be solved.

Keep in mind that this error can appear on any page that has this name tag empty. This solution is just for HOMEPAGE problem, because that is what Google search console told me: root URL had this problem. If you have the problem with specific subpages or posts then this will probably not solve your problem.

Laravel – Remove Public from URL

Why is my Laravel URL mysite.com/public by default and how do I remove “public” from URL?

Probably the first question most people ask when they install their new Laravel site.

Here are 2 ways, luckily it is easy to do.

1. The most standard one is to just edit .htaccess file and add these lines:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
   RewriteEngine On 
   RewriteRule ^(.*)$ public/$1 [L]
</IfModule>

Note: For this to work you must have mod_rewrite enabled on your Apache server because rewrite module is required to apply these settings.

2. This option is either easier or more complicated, depending on if you can edit ‘Document root’ on your hosting server. So, if you have access to Cpanel of your hosting AND they allow you to change ‘Document root’ then change it from let say “/public_html” to “/public_html/public”. That should do the trick.

If you can’t edit ‘Document root’ by yourself (security measure etc) then the best is to ask your host support to change it to “/public_html/public” (assuming your root folder for website is /public_html . If it is /www then let them change it to /www/public).

Google Drive is almost empty but shows several GB used

I guess you cant blame Google for trying to sell extra storage but this problem was really annoying me for a long time. Google kept telling me my account is full and it showed ~7GB in Google Drive. When I clicked on Drive icon there were just few files in it, totaling less than 1MB! No matter how much I kept clicking, files just weren’t there. Trash and everything else was empty. Of course on every page there was an offer for buying additional storage.

Well, finally I found what is clogging my drive: it was hidden app data, more specifically from chat app that drive was also backed up. I wish Google would tell me this, but of course it is in their interest to try to make us use pay for exra space.

How to see what is clogging up your drive (desktop):

1. Visit https://drive.google.com/ from your PC.

2. Click the gears icon and select Settings

Scroll down and you will see if an app is keeping hidden files in your drive. In my case it was chat app (I hid the name). If you see few GB of hiden app data then this is the answer to what is clogging up your Drive.

Important: I am not 100% sure what this data contains or if it is just a backup. If you are not sure what you are doing then do NOT delete the app data. I cant take any responsibly if those disappear. So I am not going to tell you how to gain back space, just that this is how I found out WHY my drive is full. This way you know what is the problem is so maybe deleting old photos and videos (or even clean or redo a backup) from your app on your phone will also delete it from drive.

Find the WiFi Password in Windows 10 Using CMD

Every time I search for this I get pages long articles with 99% of babbling when the solution is 2 lines. I think it can be used for Windows 7, 8, 10, 11,…

NOTE: you must have connected and stored password for that wifi in the past. This trick is to see password that is already stored on your computer (in case you forgot it), NOT to find out password on router for any wifi.

So here is how to do it:

Open CMD (some say in administrator mode but for me it worked OK without it too).

Type (can be small letters) NETSH WLAN SHOW PROFILE

You will get a list of all Wi-fi networks. Let say the name of network you want is MYWIFINET.

Type NETSH WLAN SHOW PROFILE MYWIFINET KEY=CLEAR

Scroll down to Security Settings and find Key Content (I hid my password with red color).

Next to it is the wifi password you are looking for.

phpMyAdmin – Some errors have been detected on the server!

If you are getting this pop up warning

Some errors have been detected on the server! Please look at the bottom of this window.

phpmyadmin error

while using phpMyAdmin then the easiest way to stop this window popping up all the time is to disable this kind of error reporting.

First open the file /etc/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php.

then add/modify (or uncomment) the following line so you end up with this line:

$cfg['SendErrorReports'] = 'never';

Save it, restart MySQL or web server and the error message should be gone.

Windows 11: Is my PC compatible? How to check TPM requirement

There was quite a buzz on internet after Microsoft announced new Windows 11 and apparently lots of PCs will be unable to upgrade due to “incompatible hardware” or not meeting the Windows 11 requirements. This will probably change due to backlash but one of those requirements is Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0, (or some say 1.2).

To check what version of TPM you have simply click on the windows search icon (or press Win-R to open run console) and type tpm.msc and press enter.

New windows will open, called Trusted Platform (TPM) Module Management. Check if TPM is ready for use and what version of TPM do you have. If you have 2.0 then this requirement is met.

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 Management
Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 Management

Microsoft had an PC Health Check app to tell you if your PC meets requirements but they puilled it to update it.

CSS files not refreshing on – wordpress / siteground

If you have siteground hosting (could be the same for other hosts) and maybe WordPress site and you just edited a style.css file, reloaded your page but you cant see the changes (they appear after some time) then it is probably a Super Cacher issue.

Go to your siteground cpanel, find SuperCacher under Site Improvement Tools and click it.

Then find your domain, click Flush Cache then turn it Off.

Here is some more info:
The Static Cache option caches all static content on your account that includes images, CSS files, javascript, flash, and more. Once enabled, all requests of future visitors to your pages will be answered from the cached content and not directly from the server. If you just made changes to your website and want to see them live immediately, you could use the flush button to purge the cache on your account and not wait for the automatic server flush that happens over periods of a few hours.

So one approach you could use is this : turn off cache while you are editing the files (through FTP, not in wordpress admin) site. Once you are done just turn it on again.